How am I selected for jury duty ?
- Your name can be taken from various lists. The court uses licensed motor vehicle drivers, registered voter listings and state identification card holders 18 and above. Subsequently, you will be mailed a qualification questionnaire form to complete and return to the Court. After the Court determines that you are qualified to serve, you may be randomly selected and summoned to a two month period of eligibility.
- When your term of eligibility has ended you are not required to serve jury duty for a period of two years unless you are summoned and you wish to serve. Should you be summoned within two years and you wish not to serve, notify the court and send them a certificate of attendance from the Court you served in and you will be excused.
What should I bring with me when I report for jury duty ?
- Be sure to bring your Federal Summons with you when you report for jury duty. Pagers, cameras and weapons are not permitted in the courthouse.
What should I wear for jury duty ?
- All jurors should attempt to wear appropriate attire for jury duty. Jeans, shorts, and T-shirts are not considered appropriate attire.
What happens if I fail to report for jury duty ?
- Any juror who fails to report for jury duty and who is not excused by the Court may be served a Show Cause Order by the U.S. Marshal's Office. Subsequently, those jurors will be held in contempt of the Jury Selection Act. Contempt penalties may include a fine of $1,000.00, imprisonment of not more than three days, community service, or any combination thereof.
Will I serve on civil or criminal trials ?
- The Federal Court tries both civil and criminal cases and it is possible that you may be selected for either or both.
Can I be late ?
- No. It is extremely important that you be prompt both in the morning and when returning from lunch. It is particularly important when serving on a trial because the entire proceeding can be delayed due to the tardiness of one juror.
What if my employer wants proof that I was serving on jury duty ?
- You may request a Certificate of Attendance from the jury administrator. The certificate will be available before you leave the courthouse at the end of the day.
Can I leave the Jury Assembly Room or Courtroom ?
- Not without notifying the jury administrator or the presiding judge.
Can I smoke ?
- Smoking is permitted only outside the building.
How will I be notified of my appearance date ?
- Once you have been notified of your 2 month term of eligibility, if you should be randomly selected, you will be assigned to a trial on a specific date before a specific judge. You will be notified in writing. Your letter will instruct you to call the courts Code-A-Phone prior to your reporting date. Making this call is extremely important and may save you a trip should your case be canceled.
After a trial is over, am I finished or am I still on call ?
- If the case you served on went 5 days when that case ended your service will end for that term. If the case you served on went less then 5 days you would still be eligible to be randomly selected for another case in the same manner as your first. Once you have served 5 days, your service would end unless you happen to be assigned to a trial that lasts more then 5 days. Once you are selected as a juror, you are a juror in that matter until that case comes to its conclusion.
How long will I be on call ?
- The court summons jurors for a term of eligibility which is a 2 month term during which you may be randomly selected and assigned to come in for possible jury selection.
After receipt of summons from your office, when should I return the enclosed juror information card?
- Once summoned, the information card should be returned as soon as possible and no later then 10 days after receipt.
Does the court reimburse for parking and toll fees ?
- Yes. Should you be called in for service, you will be provided with an envelope so that you may send all your receipts back to the court for reimbursement.
What is a Petit Jury ?
- A Petit Jury is a trial jury for both civil and criminal cases. The Petit Jury listens to the evidence offered during the trial and returns a verdict. A verdict in a civil case may be a finding for the plaintiff or the defendant. A verdict in a criminal case finds the defendant involved guilty or not guilty.
What is a Grand Jury ?
- A Grand Jury does not determine guilt or innocence, but whether there is probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed. The evidence is normally presented only by an attorney for the government. The grand jury must determine from this evidence whether a person should have formal charges filed by the government. If the grand jury finds probable cause, then it will return a written statement of the charges, called an indictment. Grand jurors sit on a panel of 23 jurors and generally serve one day per month for 18 months. Grand jury terms can be extended if necessary.
What will I be paid for serving on a jury ?
- The U.S. District Court will pay you an attendance fee of $40.00 per day (unless you are a federal employee), plus travel expenses for the round trip from your home based on the current General Services Administration (GSA) rate per mile (click HERE). Jurors who earn in excess of $600.00 in attendance fees in one calendar year will receive a form 1099.
- Payment can be expected sometime after the first week of the month following the month in which you served
- The travel reimbursement is not taxable.
Is my job protected while I serve jury duty ?
Your job is protected under Title 28 U.S.C.A. Section 1875, which reads, in part:
- No employer shall discharge, threaten to discharge, intimidate, or coerce any permanent employee by reason of such employee’s jury service, or the attendance or scheduled attendance in connection with such service, in any court of the United States.
Any employer who violates the provision of this section:
- shall be liable for damages for any loss of wages or other benefits suffered by an employee by reason of such violation;
- may be enjoined from further violation of this section and ordered to provide other appropriate relief, including but not limited to the reinstatement of any employee discharged by reason of his service; and shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $5,000.00 for each violation as to each employee, and may be ordered to perform community service.